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You Can Grow a Garden Inside These 3D Printed Snacks

You Can Grow a Garden Inside These 3D Printed Snacks

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Food designer creates a concept for 3D printed edibles from which you can grow mushrooms and sprouts

What if we could print our own living organisms?

3D printed foods are certainly changing the future landscape of our eating habits, from print-out pizzas to soft foods for the elderly available at the push of a button. Dutch food designer Chloé Rutzerveld has come up with a concept she calls Edible Growth: 3D printed biscuits from which mushrooms and sprouts can be grown. These snacks are both healthy and sustainable. The project is being developed in collaboration with Eindhoven University of Technology research organization TNO.

The 3D printed biscuits are filled with agar, a jelly-like substance which allows the seeds and spores to sprout from the center of the biscuit. Within five days, the plants and fungi mature and the yeast ferments the solid inside into a liquid. Rutzerveld claims the resulting snack is fresh, delicious, and nutritious.

"A lot of people think industrialized production methods are unnatural or unhealthy," Rutzerveld tells Dezeen, an architectural and design magazine. "I want to show that it doesn't have to be the case. You can really see that it's natural. It's actually really healthy and sustainable at the same time."

Rutzerveld estimates that it will be at least eight to 10 years before the products are ready for commercial consumption.

Are 3D-Printed Guest Houses the Future of Design?

The concept of 3D printing&mdashor additive manufacturing, as it&rsquos formally known&mdashisn&rsquot a particularly new one. The first 3D printers were built in the 1980s, though the technology wasn&rsquot refined to the point of mass consumerism until the last decade or so. And while 3D printers can now be found in laboratories, classrooms, and architecture studios around the world for printing all kinds of small parts, designers are looking to print the next big thing&mdashquite literally: They&rsquore looking to 3D print houses.

The 3D-printed house industry is still very much in its infancy, though numerous companies are experimenting with new techniques, methods, and hardware in order to advance the technology rapidly. And although we&rsquore not quite at the point where just anyone can order up a 3D-printed home, we can&rsquot help but think ahead to when we can&mdashand we suspect it&rsquoll be ideal for a guest house.

How to Make Your Own Plant Fertilizer

Plants take nutrition from soil, water and air and garden plants tend to deplete nutrients in soil. This is why we must replace them each year with plant fertilizer.

For many years, home gardeners and farmers used “free” manure to fertilize their crops. Manure can still be purchased to dig into the garden and/or compost at ¼- to ½-inch (0.5-1 cm.) layers.

Compost can be made at home out of leftover food items and other detritus and is virtually cost free. Composting, or even compost tea, may be all one needs for a successful crop. If, however, the soil is still nutrient lacking or if you are planting a more demanding vegetable garden, augmenting with another type of fertilizer may be advisable.

Manure tea is another great homemade food plant that you can easily create. While there are many of these tea recipes for making plant food from manure, most are quite simple and can be achieved with nothing more than the chosen manure, water and a bucket.

2. Leafy vegetables

Celery, romaine lettuce and bok choy are some of the easiest plants to regrow. Not sure how to? Follow these easy steps.

1. Cut off the plant's base (the part you wouldn't normally eat) into a piece that's roughly one inch tall.

2. Place it cut side up in a shallow saucer with half-an-inch of water.

3. Refresh the water regularly and keep your saucer on a sunny window sill to begin with.

4. Once the plants start to show roots and new green sprouts, you can transfer them into soil &ndash simply bury them in garden soil and cover the roots and base, leaving the green plant exposed at the top. You'll have new produce in no time!

Cooksy wants to be your second pair of eyes in the kitchen — Future Blink

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Guy Fieri gave us a grilled cheese tutorial over Zoom

We'll never know peace thanks to this terrifying AI bartender — Future Blink

Hide a giant Easter Egg (virtually) anywhere in the world

Turns out M&Ms look ridiculously cool when they dissolve — Future Blink

A Japanese factory can grow broccoli sprouts without sunlight– Future Blink

Your next bartender might be a robotic vending machine – Strictly Robots

A NYC delivery service is taking the trash out of take-out – Future Blink

These 3D-printed holiday decorations are sweet enough to eat (literally) – Future Blink

IKEA made gingerbread versions of its (in)famous instructions

The Moley robotic kitchen can make you meals and do your dishes — Strictly Robots

Yeah, NASA can grow radishes in space now — Future Blink

We regret to inform you there's a Thanksgiving stuffing-inspired clothing line

Track your food with this scanning, weight-sensing cooking board — Future Blink

We ate edible insects while playing Bugsnax. (Don't ask.)

Yes, really, there's a boba robot now — Strictly Robots

Honestly just look at this super intricate cupcake art

Social Good Summit: Is vertical and indoor farming the future?

What's the future of food and climate change? Experts discuss.

WineCab is a robotic wine cellar that uses an AI sommelier — Strictly Robots

Make patterned cocktails with this 3D printing robot — Future Blink

A restaurant chain in Boston is changing the food automation game — Strictly Robots

You can tweet at this AI-powered recipe tool to reduce food waste — Strictly Robots

For better or worse, this smart fabric knows what you put on it – Future Blink

Meet the $70,000 robot that makes you a smoothie — Strictly Robots

Make compost in 48 hours with this odorless indoor composter

Take your burrito to go with this twistable burrito holder

Like underwater rainforests, vertical farms grow crops sustainably and rebuild ecosystems

Finally, you can cook with your phone — Future Blink

Watch a robot make a pretty decent omelette and taste the future

Tim ate the hottest chip in the world #OneChipChallenge

An artist crocheted a burger that looks almost good enough to eat

This reusable travel mug is made from old coffee cups — Future Blink

This wearable device tests food for allergens

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This at home coffee bean roaster is made for the advanced coffee lover — Future Blink

Take your breakfast on the go with this cereal mug — Future Blink

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Blockchain technology helps these farmers be more sustainable

This company wants to make edible insects the future of food — Future Blink

Official home of these great brands & more…

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9 Things Your Server Wishes You'd Stop Doing at Restaurants

There are certain things you should generally never do in a restaurant. Among the more egregious transgressions, according to service workers, are bailing on your reservation, yelling at a member of the waitstaff, or touching them for any reason. (This happens way more often than you think.) But in the era of COVID-19, the list has grown longer and become vastly more important.

Good customer behavior goes beyond just being thoughtful and respectful, though you should most definitely still be both. Now, it&aposs also important to be aware of the changing restaurant landscape𠅊s vaccination numbers grow and restaurants start to reopen indoor dining𠅊nd act accordingly.

"Please don&apost tell me you&aposre vaccinated, therefore you don&apost have to obey our COVID guidelines," says Sara, a server in the Finger Lakes region of New York, explaining that the restaurant could be shut down for not following state health department regulations. She also notes that it&aposs unhelpful when patrons try to argue with her about the science or facts of COVID. "I&aposm just enforcing state guidelines," she says. "I&aposm happy you&aposre vaccinated, but you still have to follow the rules!"

To ensure a safe and stress-free dinner out, see below for the latest restaurant rules, according to the people working there.

Seating yourself

"During 2020, Philadelphia, like most cities, allowed for restaurants and bars to set up sidewalk cafés and &aposstreeteries&apos outside. There are rules to this type of dining. This seating is not a free-for-all. Please stop seating yourself, especially at dirty tables! We are doing the best we can to keep everybody safe and that includes ourselves as well. We have to clean and sanitize these tables and chairs and it becomes incredibly difficult when guests take it upon themselves and don&apost follow rules." — Jennifer Sabatino manager of Manatawny Still Works in Philadelphia

Complaining about wait times

"People have to understand that a lot of restaurants are short-staffed. If you have to wait, just be patient don&apost start complaining that there are a ton of open tables. Not all tables can be used and there may only be two servers working." — Stephanie in Delaware

"Please be patient with us! Staffing is a nightmare right now, and everyone is eager to go out, so if things are slower or we don&apost offer the same menu item that we did in the past, it&aposs mostly because we simply can&apost do it right now." — Sara in New York

Being petty

"People will get mad that you may be out of something, but often it&aposs not the restaurant&aposs fault—it could be the venders. I had someone complain about not having handles on her paper bag. With the shut down of glue factories and chemical factories in Texas, that&aposs the way they had to come."— Stephanie in Delaware

Leaving nasty reviews online

"Don&apost leave a bad review on Google or Yelp. Surface your issue in person or a private channel." David "Rev" Ciancio in New Jersey

Canceling your reservation last minute

"Don&apost cancel reservations last minute, and then fight with the restaurant about their cancellation policy." — Pam Willis, co-owner of Pammy&aposs in Cambridge, Mass.

Tipping poorly

"As a server, I wish people would stay at home and wait until we are actually out of this because we&aposre both close and so very far away. However, I&aposm aware that&aposs a lot to ask of our populous after so many dissenting views. So, to those that choose to head out into the world, please tip your server well and actually do us the favor of opening the menu before yelling four options we have never carried." — Randle in Los Angeles

Offering unsolicited advice

"Please don&apost tell us what we &aposshould&apos be doing to make more money/drive more business to us/make customers happy. We&aposve had to pivot our entire business model like 3 times this past year, don&apost you think we&aposve been agonizing over this stuff for a while? Your suggestions are condescending and unhelpful." — Sara in New York

Camping out

"Please don&apost overstay. With staffing issues and occupancy caps, each table is more important than ever, and timing is everything. Eat, enjoy, get out." — Jess in Washington, DC

Being a jerk

"Patience, empathy, kindness, compassion, understanding, and self-control should all be worn on your sleeve … or stay home." — Michael Strauss, owner of Mike&aposs BBQ in Philadelphia

Vegetable Planner

Vegetable Planner is extremely simple to use and functions just like the one from Vegetable Gardening Online.

Just click the arrows to scroll through the different plants, where you can find garlic, lettuce, onions, peppers, spinach, pumpkins, potatoes, rosemary, tomatoes, turnips, and more.

While this garden planner is very easy to use and may work great for what you're after so you don't have to draw out the plan yourself, there is one thing I found very limiting about it.

Printing your garden plan off doesn't include anything but the image of the garden you've built. There is no useful planting information or measurements included as there are with the planners from other sites. This means there isn't much useful information from a printout except for the image of the garden.

Vegetables to Grow in Shade

Not all of us are blessed with a sunny gardening space! See a list of vegetables (and fruit) that will grow in partial shade, vegetables that will NOT grow in shade, and tips to make the most of the light available in your garden. Plus, see three examples of garden designs for a partial-shade vegetable garden.

Although fruiting vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and squash need at least 6 hours of full sun daily to give you a good harvest, most crops can “get by” with part sun or part shade (3 to 6 hours of direct sunlight).

Assessing Your Garden’s Light Levels

Before you even think about what to plant, make note of just how much sun your site actually receives you might be surprised! There are different levels of shade and it will often change with the seasons. Here are the common terms associated with light levels in the garden:

  • Full sun is considered to be 6–8 hours (or more) of direct sunlight per day. Peak sunlight hours are between 10 am and 2 pm.
  • Partial sun is 3–6 hours of direct sunlight per day.
  • Partial shade is about 3 hours of direct sunlight per day.
  • Full shade is less than 3 hours of sun and dappled light for the rest of the day.
  • Light shade or dappled shade is bright sun filtered through the leaves of trees overhead.
  • Deep shade gets no sun at all. You won’t be growing any vegetables here.

Once you have figured out how much sun you have to work with, you can get planning! Morning sun with afternoon shade is the best situation for many plants whether they are vegetables, annual flowers or perennials.

Carrots and leeks do well in this shady spot. Photo by Robin Sweetser.

Which Types of Vegetables Do Well in Shade?

  • Cole crops are tolerant of partial sun or partial shade. Broccoli, cauliflower, kohlrabi, turnips, kale, and rutabagas will grow well with less than a full day of sun, but may take longer to mature. Cabbage will also grow in shade, but they may not form tight heads.
  • Root crops such as radishes, carrots, potatoes, and beets can grow in as little as 3-4 hours of direct sun with light or dappled shade for the rest of the day.
  • Leafy greens such as lettuce, arugula, kale, bok choy, and chard are happy with just a few hours of sunshine each day. In fact, keeping them out of midday sun can prevent their tender leaves from wilting.
  • Climbing vegetables do well in areas that are shaded in the morning but sunny by afternoon. Cucumbers and pole beans will clamber up supports into the sunshine.
  • Perennial vegetables such as rhubarb, asparagus, and Jerusalem artichokes can be grown in partial sun or partial shade.
  • Vegetables that are susceptible to bolting, like broccoli, cauliflower, and spinach, can benefit from being grown in partial sun, particularly in hotter climates.
  • For areas that receive morning sun then afternoon shade, try vegetables such as celery, carrots, and bush beans.

Vegetable Growing Guides for Shade

Here is the list of our Growing Guides for shade-tolerant vegetables and herbs:

Fruit to Grow in Shade

    actually fare better in shady plots, as they don’t need the sun to sweeten them. Plus, they look very pretty when trained on a north-facing wall.
  • Currants and gooseberries also grow and crop quite well in partial shade. Train them as cordons or as fans against a wall to ensure the branches are well spaced and that light can reach all parts of the plant.
  • Cane fruits such as blackberries and raspberries can also cope with some shade, but will fruit better in more sun. is another great crop for a shady spot.
  • In terms of fruit trees, pears and plums are your best bet. Pears do need a few hours of sun, preferably in the afternoon. Plums are a great choice for a landscape that gets morning sun and afternoon shade. Just remember, many varieties of pear and plum trees need a cross-pollinator to fruit, so you may need more than one tree.
  • Wondering about strawberries? Alpine strawberries are much tougher than normal strawberries. Try a variety called ‘Alexandria’ for shade.

What NOT to Grow in Shade

Heat-loving crops such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, squash, and melons simply won’t grow without full sun. They need hot, sunny days in order to produce bountiful fruit.

Most fruit trees need LOTS of sun. Citrus, peach, nectarine, apple, and apricot trees all need direct sun and won’t thrive in shade.

6 Tips for Growing in Shade

  1. In all but the hottest climates, use the sunniest parts of the garden to start seeds in a seedbed or in pots or modules, then transplant them to another bed once they are larger and more able to cope with shade. Using grow lights indoors can give early-sown seedlings a boost.
  2. Reflect any available light into shadier parts of the garden by painting walls and fences white, or use mirrors and other reflective surfaces such as shiny metal or foil.
  3. Shadier corners are slower to warm up in spring and quicker to cool down in fall, so use cold frames or row covers to warm up the soil earlier and extend the growing season later on.
  4. Slugs and snails often lurk in shady areas, so use beer traps and delay laying mulches until the weather warms up.
  5. Leave plenty of space between plants to help maximize light penetration.
  6. You may not need to water as often when gardening in the shade, since less moisture evaporates. Do take care when gardening directly under trees, however. Their roots tend to compete for available water and nutrients and their leafy canopy will block some rainfall from reaching the ground.

Painting this shed white helps it reflect more light on this sprawling squash. Photo by Robin Sweetser.

3 Garden Plans for Partial Shade

The garden plans below are “partial shade,” so they will also have sun-loving plants in them. For example, the first plan has shade on the left where the leafy greens are, but the squash and tomatoes on the right will need full sun. Likewise, the third plan has shade at the top, but full sun elsewhere because corn, beans, squash, and tomatoes all like full sun.

After you review the examples below, enjoy hundreds more garden plans with a free 7-day trial of the Almanac Garden Planner here.

1. Partial Shade Garden Plan: Home Garden

2. Partial Shade Garden Plan: Traditional Rows

3. Small Garden Plan: Community Garden

For more free garden layouts, return to our main page of free garden plans.

Try the Almanac Garden Planner

The Old Farmer’s Almanac Garden Planner makes it simple to choose crops suitable for shadier spots. Click on the Custom Filter button, select the ‘Partial Shade Tolerant’ option and click ok. The selection bar will then display just those crops suitable for growing in these conditions. Easy!

Importantly, the Garden Planner will also calculate your local planting dates, calculate plant spacing, provide you with a printable planting calendar, and so much more!

How to start an outdoor veggie garden

Want to venture into the great outdoors and get your hands dirty? Outdoor gardens take a lot of work, but they're not as intimidating as they seem. Before planting anything, you'll want to do a bit of planning first.

"You need to determine where you’ll plant it. This doesn’t have to be limited by where you live. Even if you don’t have access to (a lot of) land, there are so many options for your garden: raised beds, greenhouses, pots, vertical towers for small spaces. You also need to determine what type of seeds you want to purchase — heirloom, non-GMO, for example — or if you’d like to start with plants rather than seed," the Marrs said.

Next, it's time to get down to business and focus on the following key details: